From 1947 the United States, determined to halt the growth of communism in Asia, backed the return of the French in Vietnam. This was not universally popular with Americans, many of whom despised colonialism and believed that Asian nations should be free to govern themselves.
Why did the US aid the French rather than the Viet Minh?
Why did the US aid the French? After Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnams independence from Japan in 1945, French troops returned to Vietnam in hopes of reclaiming its former colony. … Although the US opposed colonialism, they decided to aid the French so that Vietnam did not fall to communism like the rest of Asia.
What were the French doing in Vietnam?
Beginning in the 1930s, France began to exploit the region for its natural resources and to economically diversify the colony. Cochinchina, Annam and Tonkin (encompassing modern-day Vietnam) became a source of tea, rice, coffee, pepper, coal, zinc and tin, while Cambodia became a centre for rice and pepper crops.
What did America do when France left Vietnam?
The United States did not sign the second agreement, establishing instead its own government in South Vietnam. As the French pulled out, the United States appointed Ngo Dinh Diem to lead South Vietnam. … Diem had also collaborated with the Japanese occupation, but his Catholicism appealed to the Western powers.
Why did the French go to Vietnam?
The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.
Did the French start the Vietnam War?
The bloody conflict had its roots in French colonial rule and an independence movement driven by communist leader Ho Chi Minh. Vietnam was a battleground in the Cold War, when the United States and Soviet Union grappled for world domination.
Did the US help the French in Vietnam?
Despite some misgivings about backing a colonial power, the US began to support the French in Vietnam. Washington aided the French during their war with the Viet Minh, investing almost $3 billion in the years prior to 1954. 4. The French withdrawal led to direct US involvement in Vietnam.
What was one result of French rule in Vietnam?
What was one result of French rule in Vietnam? … All leaders were required to renounce their Vietnamese citizenship.
What ended Vietnam War?
November 1, 1955 – April 30, 1975
How long was Vietnam a French colony?
From the late 1800’s to 1954, Vietnam was part of a French colony called French Indochina. When the French first became interested in Indochina French missionaries sought to convert the Vietnamese to Catholicism, the religion of France.
Why did France lose the Indochina War?
The French lost their Indochinese colonies due to political, military, diplomatic, economic and socio-cultural factors. The fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled a loss of French power. General Vo Nguyen Giap and his Viet Minh had triumphed on the eve of the Geneva Conference.
Did any French stay in Vietnam?
SAIGON, South Vietnam. … In the last two weeks alone French Ambassador has taken up residence in Saigon for the first time since South Vietnam broke diplomatic relations in 1965 because of President de Gaulle’s advocacy of neutralism for it.
How many French soldiers died in Vietnam?
The French dead in Vietnam numbered 55,000, nearly as many as the 58,000 Americans killed there, though France has one-fifth the population of the United States. France’s eight-year war officially began 50 years ago today.
How was Vietnam treated by the French?
The First Indochina War
Under the agreement France would recognize the Viet Minh government and give Vietnam the status of a free state within the French Union. French troops were to remain in Vietnam, but they would be withdrawn progressively over five years.
Why did Vietnam split into two parts?
The Vietnam War had its origins in the broader Indochina wars of the 1940s and ’50s, when nationalist groups such as Ho Chi Minh’s Viet Minh, inspired by Chinese and Soviet communism, fought the colonial rule first of Japan and then of France.
How did Vietnam gain its independence from France?
In early 1945, Japan ousted the French administration in Vietnam and executed numerous French officials. When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to proclaim the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam.