French Indochina was formed on 17 October 1887 from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (which together form modern Vietnam) and the Kingdom of Cambodia; Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893. The federation lasted until 21 July 1954.
What world power was in Vietnam before the United States?
The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) in the north was supported by the Soviet Union, China, and other communist countries, while the United States and its anticommunist allies backed the Republic of Vietnam (ROV) in the south.
Who was Vietnam’s colonial power?
French colonialism in Vietnam lasted more than six decades. By the late 1880s, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia were all controlled by France and collectively referred to as Indochine Français (French Indochina). Indochina became one of France’s most important colonial possessions.
Who controlled Vietnam before the US got involved?
Reason one – Vietnamese independence
Before World War Two Vietnam had been part of the French Empire. During World War Two it had been invaded by Japan. Ho Chi Minh was the leader of the Vietminh, a resistance army which fought for Vietnamese independence.
What US presidents were involved with the US presence in Vietnam?
Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon oversaw the conflict, which ratcheted up in intensity as the years passed by. Though each president expressed doubts in private about American involvement, none wanted to be blamed for losing Vietnam to the communists.
Why did the US fail in Vietnam?
America “lost” South Vietnam because it was an artificial construct created in the wake of the French loss of Indochina. Because there never was an “organic” nation of South Vietnam, when the U.S. discontinued to invest military assets into that construct, it eventually ceased to exist.
What president started the Vietnam War?
1. U.S. involvement in Vietnam began with Eisenhower. In the late 1950s, during the Eisenhower administration, Vietnam had split into North Vietnam, which was communist, and South Vietnam. Cold War anxieties dictated that if the North Vietnamese communists prevailed, the rest of Southeast Asia would fall like dominoes.
How long did China occupy Vietnam?
For over thousands of years, China ruled over Vietnam from 111 B.C. — 980 A.D. During the period, many Chinese culture wonders influenced the small country of the world. One of its influence was the classical Chinese writing.
Why did the United States support French colonial efforts in Vietnam?
How and why did the United States support France’s Vietnam war efforts? France is a democracy and is fighting Communism. We sent them money. What was the Vietminh fighting for?
Why was Hanoi such an important symbol for the French colonial empire?
Indeed, the colonial project turned the colonial city itself into a monument symbolizing the virtues France was supposedly bestowing upon the colonized peoples. 2 In the Southeast Asian ensemble of colonies, Hanoi—the capital of Indochina— came to be the symbol of the French colonial project.
What would have happened if the US didn’t enter Vietnam?
So if we didn’t go to war in Vietnam we would have been abandoning that commitment to the world. China and the USSR would have seen that as weakness and would have continued to spread communism by force of arms all around the world. Not standing up to them would be giving tacit-approval to their conquest of the planet.
What were the 3 main causes of the Vietnam War?
In general, historians have identified several different causes of the Vietnam War, including: the spread of communism during the Cold War, American containment, and European imperialism in Vietnam.
Who won the war between Vietnam and USA?
Those who argue that the United States won the war point to the fact that the U.S. defeated communist forces during most of Vietnam’s major battles. They also assert that the U.S. overall suffered fewer casualties than its opponents. The U.S. military reported 58,220 American casualties.
Why did we fight the Vietnam War?
The U.S. entered the Vietnam War in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism, but foreign policy, economic interests, national fears, and geopolitical strategies also played major roles. Learn why a country that had been barely known to most Americans came to define an era.
Was the Vietnam war a mistake?
For many who study foreign affairs, the Vietnam War was a tragic mistake brought about by U.S. leaders who exaggerated the influence of communism and underestimated the power of nationalism.
How did Johnson decide to escalate the war in Vietnam?
Immediately after reports of the second attack, Johnson asked the U.S. Congress for permission to defend U.S. forces in Southeast Asia. … The Gulf of Tonkin incident and the subsequent Gulf of Tonkin resolution provided the justification for further U.S. escalation of the conflict in Vietnam.