South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN; Vietnamese: Việt Nam Cộng Hòa; French: République du Viêt Nam), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975, the period when the southern portion of Vietnam was a member of the Western Bloc during part of the Cold War.
Was South Vietnam a democracy?
Between 1954 and 1963 South Vietnam was a nominally democratic republic, propped up by American political and financial support. In reality, there was little democratic about its government. … South Vietnam’s leader, Ngo Dinh Diem, claimed to head a democratic government.
Who were the ARVN during the Vietnam War?
Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) 1955–75
The air force was established as a separate service known as the Republic of Vietnam Air Force (RVNAF). Early on, the focus of the army was the guerrilla fighters of the Viet Cong (VC), formed to oppose the Diệm administration.
Which side of Vietnam was communist?
The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.
Why did South Vietnam lost the war?
Both sides were entirely dependent on outside sources for the wherewithal needed to conduct operations. The war was lost because Congress drastically reduced aid to South Vietnam while North Vietnam was receiving greatly increased support from its communist patrons.
Is South Vietnam Communist now?
All organs of Vietnam’s government are controlled by the Communist Party.
Who led South Vietnam during the Vietnam War?
As president of South Vietnam (1955–63), Ngo Dinh Diem assumed dictatorial powers.
What did South Vietnam want in the Vietnam War?
The Vietminh wanted to unite the country under communist leader Ho Chi Minh. Many of the South Vietnamese people supported Ho Chi Minh as they were unhappy with Ngo Dinh Diem. War broke out between the North and South. From 1958 onwards, the South came under increasing attacks from communists in South Vietnam itself.
What happened to the South Vietnamese?
The South Vietnamese stronghold of Saigon (now known as Ho Chi Minh City) falls to People’s Army of Vietnam and the Viet Cong on April 30, 1975. The South Vietnamese forces had collapsed under the rapid advancement of the North Vietnamese.
Does Vietnam have special forces?
The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces (Vietnamese: Lực Lượng Đặc Biệt Quân Lực Việt Nam Cộng Hòa or LLDB) were the elite military units of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN).
What happened to the South Vietnamese soldiers after the war?
After the war ARVN soldiers, especially officers, were subjected by the victorious communists to even harsher penalties than civilians, including years of forced labor and indoctrination in ‘re-education camps’. … Even in death the soldiers were treated as puppets, not people.
What special forces were in Vietnam?
The all-volunteer MACV-SOG (most were U.S. Army Special Forces “Green Berets”) carried out some of the most dangerous and challenging special operations of the Vietnam War.
Is Vietnam still divided today?
Vietnam is no longer divided.
Are North and South Vietnam one country now?
Vietnam, a one-party Communist state, has one of south-east Asia’s fastest-growing economies and has set its sights on becoming a developed nation by 2020. It became a unified country once more in 1975 when the armed forces of the Communist north seized the south.
Who started the Vietnam War?
1. U.S. involvement in Vietnam began with Eisenhower. In the late 1950s, during the Eisenhower administration, Vietnam had split into North Vietnam, which was communist, and South Vietnam. Cold War anxieties dictated that if the North Vietnamese communists prevailed, the rest of Southeast Asia would fall like dominoes.