The NVA was the official army of North Vietnam. They took orders from the government, and carried out northern military operations. The Viet Cong were northern sympathizers located in South Vietnam, who collaborated with the north in order to bring the southern regime down from the inside.
What does Viet Cong mean?
Viet Cong (VC), in full Viet Nam Cong San, English Vietnamese Communists, the guerrilla force that, with the support of the North Vietnamese Army, fought against South Vietnam (late 1950s–1975) and the United States (early 1960s–1973).
Which side was the Viet Cong on?
Its military force, the Liberation Army of South Vietnam (LASV), fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side.
|Viet Cong National Liberation Front of South Vietnam|
|Allies||North Vietnam Soviet Union China|
Is North Vietnam a communist?
After North and South Vietnam were reunified as a communist state under a unitary socialist government in 1976, the country became economically and politically isolated until 1986, when the Communist Party initiated a series of economic and political reforms that facilitated Vietnamese integration into world politics …
What was the strategy of the North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong?
VC and PAVN battle tactics comprised a flexible mix of guerrilla and conventional warfare battle tactics used by Viet Cong (VC) and the North Vietnamese People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) to defeat their U.S. and South Vietnamese (GVN/ARVN) opponents during the Vietnam War.
Why is it called Viet Cong?
The name Viet Cong comes from the phrase “cong san Viet Nam,” meaning “Vietnamese communist.” The term is rather derogatory, however, so perhaps a better translation would be “Vietnamese commie.”
Why do they call it Viet Cong?
Mao Zedong’s communist forces were nearing the Vietnam border and would assist the Viet Minh state. Nationalist parties reprised zhonggong, the Chinese term they had learned in 1920s and literally translating to “Trung Cong” in Vietnamese — “Trung” meaning “Chinese,” and “Cong” meaning communist.
Why did the US fail in Vietnam?
Although a number of factors and influences, domestic and international, contributed to America’s defeat in Vietnam, the overriding reason the United States lost the war was one that has often fueled nations’ losing military efforts throughout history: the fundamental error in strategic judgment called “refighting the …
Who was the leader of the Viet Cong?
Hồ Chí Minh led the Việt Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the Communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at the Battle of Điện Biên Phủ, ending the First Indochina War.
What was reason for Vietnam War?
The bloody conflict had its roots in French colonial rule and an independence movement driven by communist leader Ho Chi Minh. Vietnam was a battleground in the Cold War, when the United States and Soviet Union grappled for world domination. By war’s end, North and South Vietnam would be reunited, but at great cost.
Does North Vietnam still exist?
The Vietnam War’s north-south division officially ended 31 years ago. Vast cultural differences divide the former republics of North and South Vietnam. Hanoi is as far from Ho Chi Minh City, the former Saigon, as New York City is from Atlanta. … “I don’t like anyone who isn’t from Saigon,” Hoa declared.
Who lost the Vietnam War?
Those who argue that the United States won the war point to the fact that the U.S. defeated communist forces during most of Vietnam’s major battles. They also assert that the U.S. overall suffered fewer casualties than its opponents. The U.S. military reported 58,220 American casualties.
Is Vietnam a capitalist or socialist?
In contrast to the Chinese model (dubbed the socialist market economy), the Vietnamese system is more explicitly characterized as an economy in transition to socialism and not as a form of socialism or even market socialism, with the process of building socialism seen as a long-term process.
What were the American tactics in Vietnam?
American tactics in Vietnam can be summed up by the acronym BEAST – Bombing, Escalation, Air and artillery, Search and destroy and Technology.
How many Viet Cong soldiers were there?
Our main force troops grew from 195,000 soldiers in early 1965 to 350,000 soldiers in May 1965 and finally to 400,000 by the end of 1965.. During 1966 the strength of our full-time forces in South Vietnam would be increased to between 270,000 and 300,000 soldiers…
Why was Vietnam War difficult?
Soldiers on both sides faced many difficulties and challenges during the Vietnam War – including climate, terrain, the complex political situation and unclear military objectives.